Improving Special Education Services for Texans with Disabilities

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Texans with disabilities face unique challenges in accessing quality education and support services. Despite the progress made in recent years, there is still a significant gap in funding for special education services, leaving many students without the necessary resources to thrive. This article delves into the issues surrounding special education funding in Texas, the impact on students with disabilities, and the urgent need for improved services.

The Importance of Special Education Services

Special education services play a crucial role in ensuring that students with disabilities receive the support they need to succeed academically and transition to independent adulthood. These services encompass a range of interventions, including specialized instruction, assistive technology, and individualized plans tailored to each student’s unique needs.

Amy Litzinger, a policy specialist at Texas Parent to Parent, is a testament to the transformative power of special education services. Despite living with quadriplegic cerebral palsy, Litzinger excelled academically and professionally, attributing her success to the support she received throughout her educational journey. Litzinger emphasizes that a diagnosis should not define a student’s potential and advocates for increased funding for special education services.

The Funding Crisis in Texas

Unfortunately, Texas is currently underfunding special education services by nearly $2 billion, according to a report by a special commission of lawmakers. This substantial shortfall has severe implications for the quality and availability of services provided to students with disabilities. More than 635,000 students in Texas public schools receive special education services, but the lack of adequate funding hampers their ability to thrive.

The report recommends that the state address this funding gap before diverting funds to other programs, such as education savings accounts (ESAs). The commission argues that fully funding the existing gap should be the priority to ensure that students with disabilities have equal opportunities for success.

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Impact on Post-Graduation Readiness

One of the key indicators of the effectiveness of special education services is the post-graduation readiness of students with disabilities. However, the statistics paint a concerning picture. Only 11% of special needs students in the Class of 2020 were deemed ready for college, compared to 53% of all students, according to the Texas Education Agency’s Academic Performance Report. Similarly, only 68% of special needs students were deemed ready for a career, using unique “Career Readiness indicators” tailored to students with disabilities, while just 1.8% were considered ready using the same indicators applied to other students.

These numbers underscore the urgent need for improved services and resources to ensure that students with disabilities can successfully transition to higher education or the workforce. Without adequate support, these students face significant barriers in achieving their full potential.

The Failed Legislative Efforts

Efforts to address the funding crisis and improve special education services have faced significant challenges in the Texas legislature. House Bill 1, which aimed to invest over $750 million into special education funding and incentivize districts to prepare special needs students for life after high school, ultimately failed to pass. The bill was tied to the contentious issue of education savings accounts (ESAs), which caused an impasse between lawmakers.

Governor Greg Abbott has made ESAs a priority, advocating for the use of public funds for private school tuition subsidies. However, the inclusion of ESAs in the omnibus bill that encompassed special education funding, teacher pay raises, and other education items led to a deadlock. As long as ESAs remain unpopular in the House, progress on other educational priorities, including special education funding, remains uncertain.

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Advocacy for Increased Support

Parents, educators, and advocates for students with disabilities have been vocal in their calls for increased support and funding. A coalition of superintendents and parents recently gathered at the Texas Capitol to advocate for improved services. Sarah Hardin, a parent whose daughter has Down syndrome, highlighted the fear that any reduction in funding could compromise the quality of education provided to children with disabilities. The coalition emphasizes that students with disabilities deserve equal opportunities and access to exceptional education.

Amy Litzinger remains optimistic about the future, believing that students will continue to fight for their rights and demand better services. She urges policymakers not to overlook the potential of students with disabilities and to prioritize their needs in education funding.


The underfunding of special education services in Texas is a pressing issue that demands immediate attention. Students with disabilities deserve access to quality education and support services that will enable them to reach their full potential. Adequate funding, improved resources, and a strong commitment from policymakers are essential to ensure that students with disabilities are not left behind. By addressing the funding gap and investing in special education, Texas can create a brighter future for all students, regardless of their abilities. Let us come together to support and empower students with disabilities, providing them with the opportunities they deserve.