Russia’s Ambitious Plan to Develop AI Technology

Putin's hope for AI to increase information control, end Western tech  dependence largely 'aspirational'

Artificial Intelligence (AI) has become a powerful force shaping the world we live in, and nations worldwide are vying for dominance in this rapidly evolving field. Russian President Vladimir Putin recently announced Russia’s ambitious plan to develop AI technology, aiming to counter the Western monopoly and ensure that Russian culture and heritage are adequately represented in AI models. In this article, we will explore Russia’s new national strategy for AI development and its implications on the global AI landscape.

Russia’s National Strategy for AI Development

Russia, recognizing the significance of AI and its potential impact, has unveiled a comprehensive national strategy to advance AI technology. President Putin emphasized the importance of developing domestic AI models that reflect the diversity of world culture and preserve the knowledge and wisdom of all civilizations. To achieve this, Russia will focus on two key areas: generative AI and large language models.

Generative AI

Generative AI, a branch of AI that involves training machines to generate new content, is a critical aspect of Russia’s AI strategy. Putin highlighted the need to intensify research in this area to ensure that AI models are not biased or selective in their output. He expressed concern that existing generative AI models often work in a way that disregards Russian culture, as they are predominantly trained using English-only datasets or datasets that favor developers from English-speaking countries.

To overcome this challenge, Russia aims to scale up its supercomputing power, enabling researchers to train AI models using diverse datasets that encompass the richness of Russian culture. By doing so, the country hopes to create generative AI models that accurately represent its heritage, music, literature, and scientific achievements.

Large Language Models

Large language models, such as GPT-3 developed by OpenAI, have gained significant attention for their ability to generate human-like text. Russia’s strategy involves improving research and development in large language models to ensure that they encompass the breadth and depth of Russian knowledge. By refining these models, Russia seeks to enhance their accuracy and relevance in capturing the nuances of the Russian language and cultural context.

Putin Drops Hints about Upcoming National AI Strategy - Defense One

Supercomputing Power and AI Education

Russia recognizes that advancing AI technology requires robust computational infrastructure and a skilled workforce. To support its AI ambitions, the country plans to increase its supercomputing power significantly. By investing in advanced computing systems, Russia aims to enhance its capabilities in training complex AI models and processing vast amounts of data.

Moreover, Russia intends to improve top-level AI education to nurture a generation of AI experts. By fostering a strong educational ecosystem, the country aims to produce skilled professionals who can contribute to the development and implementation of AI technologies. This emphasis on education will ensure that Russia remains at the forefront of AI research and innovation.

Changing Laws and Boosting International Cooperation

To realize its AI goals, Russia acknowledges the need for legal frameworks that facilitate AI development and deployment. Putin highlighted the importance of adapting laws to accommodate the unique challenges and opportunities posed by AI technology. By creating a conducive regulatory environment, Russia aims to attract investment, foster innovation, and protect the rights and interests of AI researchers and developers.

Furthermore, Russia seeks to enhance international cooperation in the field of AI. Recognizing that AI development is a global endeavor, the country aims to collaborate with other nations, research institutions, and industry leaders. By fostering partnerships, sharing knowledge, and promoting cross-border collaboration, Russia aims to accelerate AI advancements and ensure that its contributions are globally recognized.

The Western Monopoly and Putin’s Concerns

Putin’s announcement of Russia’s AI strategy reflects concerns over the Western monopoly in AI research and development. English-speaking countries, primarily the United States and the United Kingdom, currently dominate the field. According to Stanford’s Institute for Human-Centered Artificial Intelligence, the United States boasts 16 significant machine learning systems, while the United Kingdom has eight. In contrast, Russia lags behind with only one significant system.

This Western dominance raises concerns about bias in AI models, with Putin noting that existing generative AI models can be “selective” and “biased” against Russian culture. The reliance on English-only datasets limits the representation of diverse cultures and knowledge systems, potentially leading to a “digital abolition” of Russian culture in the AI space. Putin’s apprehension stems from the belief that AI developed primarily by Western nations may not accurately reflect the values, achievements, and contributions of Russian society.

National Strategy for the Development of Artificial Intelligence

The Potential and Dangers of AI

The potential of AI to revolutionize industries, improve efficiency, and drive innovation is undeniable. However, concerns about the ethical implications and potential dangers of AI have divided experts and policymakers worldwide. Putin’s worries about “bad actors” misusing AI technologies echo the concerns of many AI researchers who fear the consequences of AI falling into the wrong hands.

Geoffrey Hinton, a renowned British-Canadian AI researcher, has expressed similar concerns, emphasizing the need to address the issue of “bad actors” utilizing AI tools. While Putin recognizes the transformative power of AI, he believes that the Western monopoly over AI is unacceptable, dangerous, and inadmissible. By developing its own AI capabilities, Russia aims to mitigate these risks and ensure that AI benefits all of humanity.


Russia’s new national strategy for AI development represents a significant step towards countering the Western monopoly and preserving Russian culture in the digital age. By focusing on generative AI, large language models, supercomputing power, AI education, changing laws, and international cooperation, Russia aims to unlock the full potential of AI and create models that accurately reflect its cultural heritage and contributions. As the global AI landscape continues to evolve, Russia’s ambitions in AI technology will undoubtedly shape the future of this transformative field.